History Of Shipping Containers
The basic idea of shipping containers which can be moved to trainsor ships or loaded on trucks and then loading back on the truck was devised by the small-time truck hauler from Maxton, named Malcolm McLean. On one trip of delivering cargo to the Port of Hoboken, McLean had to wait for half the day for unloading the trucks piece by piece and again loading them on to the ships. Right at that moment, an idea came to his mind that the cargo can stay in the trucks and its containers can be place on the ship. He took another 15 years and crossed various hurdles that even included the purchase of a small shipping company for realizing his dream. McLean refined the entire process of loading greatly. He reduced the time as well as the expense to load a truck with goods, followed by unloading and loading again on the ships. He simply removed the loaded shipping container from the chassis. For boosting the process more and stacking the containers in a more effective way, he worked on standardizing the size of containers, so that trains, trucks, ships as well as ports all around the globe can handle the containers.
On 26thApril, 1956, the first shipping container left Newark bearing 58 containers of 35’x8’x8’ and travelled to Houston abroad the customized tanker ship with a propitious name Ideal X. However, this took another decade for the shipping containers to develop into an international standard known as ISO shipping container, taking the aid of the United States Navy. The standardization resulted in worldwide impact on trade as it enabled manufacturers in loading goods at the factories as well as directly ship to warehouses and stores without unloading and transferring cargo on the way. This innovation considerably put an impact on globalization as shipping turned into highly inexpensive which manufacturing can locate far from clients. This brought the customers an unexpected variety of cheaper goods from everywhere in the world. However, there are about 5,000 freighters at present that carry more than 14 million shipping containers to ports across the world.
Determining the perfect container type for you
The ISO (International Orginization for Standardization) standard containers have been modified for fulfilling the needs of exporters as well as importers in the international trade. Well, there are 12 distinctive types of ISO containers in various sizes including 20ft containers and 40 foot containers that can be used to ship anything from raw materials, bulk grains to biodegradable commodities. However, the different types of containers include the 20ft dry container, the 20ft flat rack container, the 20ft open top container, 20ft refrigerated container, 40ft general purpose dry container, 40ft open top containers and many others.
Booking a non-standard shipping container
While shipping an oversized cargo, the weight and dimensions would decide the type of container that would accommodate the shipment. A photograph along with this information should be submitted to the freight forwarder who would handle one’s booking with the shipping company. They would provide an assessment of fees in detail and modify the solution for the cargo.